Bones in the Body

Posted by Rafiqul Islam
June 1, 2018
Posted in Uncategorized

Skeleton Labeled: The human skeleton is formed up of 206 bones. The human skeletal system functions include giving the body with structure, flexibility, protection and to provide attachments for muscles, to produce movement. It further helps in the production of white blood cells and red blood cells. The human skeleton is also a storehouse of minerals and the fat tissues.Bones in the Body

Bones of the Body

Skull with Cranium and Mandible

There are 22 bones in the skull. Including the hyoid and the bones of the middle ear, the head comprises 29 bones.
Occipital bone
Cranial bones (8)
Parietal bones (2)
Frontal bone
Temporal bones (2)
Ethmoid bone (counted as facial)
Sphenoid bone (counted as facial)
Facial bones (14)
Nasal bones (2)
Maxillae (upper jaw) (2)
Lacrimal bone (2)
Zygomatic bone or cheekbone (2)
Palatine bone (2)
Vomer(1)
Inferior nasal concha (2)
Mandible (lower jaw)(1)
Hyoid bone (not connected, to any other bone)
Middle ears (6)
Malleus (2)
Stapes (2)
Incus (2)

Spine (Vertebral Column)

A fully grown adult has 26 bones in the spine, whereas a child can become 34.
Cervical vertebrae (7)
Thoracic vertebrae (12)
Lumbar vertebrae (5)
Sacral vertebrae (5 at childbirth, following fused into one)
The coccygeal vertebrae (5 at birth. It is counted as 1.

Arm

64 bones in the arm.
Upper arm bones (6 bones, 3 on each side)
Humerus
Shoulder (pectoral girdle)
Scapula
Clavicle

Lower arm bones (4 bones, 2 on each side)
Ulna
Radius
Hand Bones (54 bones, 27 in each hand)
Carpals
Scaphoid bone (2)
Lunate bone (2)
Triquetral bone (2)
Pisiform bone (2)
Trapezium (2)
Trapezoid bone (2)
Capitate bone (2)
Hamate bone (2)
Metacarpals Bones (5 × 2 = 10)
Phalanges of the hand
Proximal phalanges (5 × 2 = 10)
Intermediate phalanges (4 × 2 = 8)
Distal phalanges (5 × 2 = 10)

Chest (Thorax)

There are regularly 25 bones in the case.
Sternum (1)
Ribs (24, in 12 pairs)

Pelvis (Pelvic Girdle) & Leg

The hip bone becomes three regions: ilium, ischium, and the pubis (2)

Leg
Femur or thigh bone (2)
Patella or kneecap (2)
Fibula (2)
Tibia (2)

The foot (52 bones in whole, 26 per foot)
Tarsus
Calcaneus or heel bone (2)
Navicular bone (2)
Talus (2)
Medial cuneiform bone (2)
Lateral cuneiform bone (2)
Intermediate cuneiform bone (2)
Cuboid bone (2)
Metatarsals (10)
Phalanges of the foot
Proximal phalanges (5 × 2 = 10)
Distal phalanges (5 x 2 = 10)
Intermediate phalanges (4 x 2 = 8)

Sesamoid Bones

Pisiform bone
Patella
Fabella
Sesamoids in the first metatarsal bone
Sesamoids in the first and second metacarpal bones
The lenticular process of the incus